- Interparty squabbles and conflict between Malawi's two top officials have paralysed the government's ability to function at some levels, according to a conflict "barometer". The monthly report, compiled by the Forum for Dialogue and Peace, a programme run by the German Development Agency's technical arm, GTZ, was published as Malawi's President Bingu wa Mutharika completed his second year in office.
"[Opposition parties] the UDF [United Democratic Front] and the MCP [Malawi Congress Party] have ganged up to exercise their political muscle in parliament by blocking legislation and policies, which have a direct and positive bearing on the lives of the people," said Felix Lombe, a conflict analyst with the forum and the author of the barometer.
President Mutharika's two years in office have been conflict-ridden, largely because the opposition forms the largest bloc in parliament. Last year he survived an impeachment motion after courts restrained parliament from proceeding.
Political bickering, however, stalled a money laundering bill with implications for President Mutharika's campaign against corruption. Another Mutharika project, the Malawi Rural Development Fund, designed to provide credit to poor villagers on easy terms, has also been delayed.
Now this year's budget, due to be presented in June, could be at risk following a new political crisis surrounding the arrest earlier this month of Vice-President Cassim Chilumpha on treason charges.
President Mutharika was picked from political obscurity by former President Bakili Muluzi to run as the UDF's presidential candidate in 2004. Soon after winning, Mr Mutharika launched an anti-corruption campaign that touched Muluzi loyalists. The President eventually quit the UDF, still run by Mr Muluzi, to form his own Democratic Progressive Party (DPP).
The barometer claims President Mutharika acted against Mr Chilumpha, known to be close to Mr Muluzi, because the vice-president had chaired a UDF meeting that discussed impeachment proceedings against him. "The relationship between the vice-president and the president should be restored through mediation," urged Mr Lombe.
In his address to the nation on Wednesday, marking his second term in office, President Mutharika held out an olive twig. "We have been divided by individuals filled with hatred, jealousy, envy and greed for power - some even want to take power from my government through unconstitutional means. Let us heal the wounds of disunity and destruction; let us unite to develop our motherland together," he said.
But Boniface Dulani, a political science lecturer at Chancellor College, said President Mutharika, a former World Bank official, had reneged on his promise of good governance and the rule of law, as he been selective in dealing with corruption. "We have, in the past, seen a number of opposition members being arrested on corruption charges, while those serving in government are being spared."
Mr Lombe said the situation was likely to stabilise "a bit, because the DPP has now managed to amass the support of half of the MPs in parliament. This, however, is not a permanent stability - it is just temporary, as these MPs who are now on the government side have started complaining that they are not being rewarded materially [through positions in the cabinet] for their support to the DPP".
While the DPP has managed to win all six by-elections it has fought, the MPs who crossed the floor to join it are still uncertain of the party's popular appeal, and could possibly withdraw their support in the 2009 general elections, Mr Lombe commented. The MPs could also lose their seats in parliament sooner, as the constitution did not allow floor crossing. Last year, President Mutharika took the matter to the Constitutional Court, which called for a judicial review of the situation.
Mr Lombe pointed out that the court should expedite its interpretation of the relevant section of the constitution to help abate some of the tension.
The barometer warned of other possible conflicts. Reports that ex-President Muluzi intended to back Jimmy Mpatsa for the 2009 elections, a UDF outsider as President Mutharika had been, could create more rifts within the party.
Mr Lombe suggested that Mr Muluzi should retire from active politics. "UDF should have another leader, who can focus on building the party other than scoring a goal off Mutharika."
Malawi had been a one-party state since the late 1960s until domestic and international pressure forced multiparty elections in 1994, which were won by Mr Muluzi and his UDF.
afrol News - It is called "financial inclusion", and it is a key government policy in Rwanda. The goal is that, by 2020, 90 percent of the population is to have and actively use bank accounts. And in only four years, financial inclusion has doubled in Rwanda.
afrol News - The UN's humanitarian agencies now warn about a devastating famine in Sudan and especially in South Sudan, where the situation is said to be "imploding". Relief officials are appealing to donors to urgently fund life-saving activities in the two countries.
afrol News - Fear is spreading all over West Africa after the health ministry in Guinea confirmed the first Ebola outbreak in this part of Africa. According to official numbers, at least 86 are infected and 59 are dead as a result of this very contagious disease.
afrol News - It is already a crime being homosexual in Ethiopia, but parliament is now making sure the anti-gay laws will be applied in practical life. No pardoning of gays will be allowed in future, but activist fear this only is a signal of further repression being prepared.
afrol News / Africa Renewal - Ethiopia's ambitious plan to build a US$ 4.2 billion dam in the Benishangul-Gumuz region, 40 km from its border with Sudan, is expected to provide 6,000 megawatts of electricity, enough for its population plus some excess it can sell to neighbouring countries.