- The European Commission has allocated €50 million in humanitarian aid to vulnerable drought-affected people in Somalia, Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda. The funds are channelled through the Humanitarian Aid department (ECHO) under the responsibility of Commissioner Karel De Gucht.
"We face a disastrous situation in the Horn of Africa that demonstrates the terrible potential of climate change. This crisis, which is happening now, underlines why it is so important to reach agreement in Copenhagen," said Mr De Gucht, European Commissioner in charge of Development and Humanitarian Aid.
"Large parts of the Horn have had less than 75% of normal rainfall this year, having already endured a series of severe droughts. The population can no longer cope with such extreme and protracted hardship which often comes on top of conflict situations. As a result, more than 16 million people desperately need help. The European Union, as the biggest aid donor to the Horn region, is living up to its responsibility by boosting its humanitarian response," he added.
After several consecutive crop failures and with poor harvests forecast again, the nutritional situation in parts of Ethiopia has deteriorated badly and is expected to worsen further. The new funds (€25 million) will cover food assistance and multi-sector relief including health services. Support will go to epidemic response, and improvements to water supply, sanitation and hygiene practices in the affected areas.
Somalia which will receive €7 million of the funding. Since the outbreak of conflict in 1991, Somalia has been plagued by fighting, massive human displacement, political and ethnic tensions, localised insecurity, economic hardship and climatic shocks. The combined effect has been a serious erosion in livelihoods, aggravating poverty and increasing food insecurity and vulnerability.
The funding decision will cover health, water and sanitation and nutrition projects as well as livelihood support.
In Kenya, €13 million has been allocated where an estimated 3.8 million people rely on humanitarian aid and the situation is worsening with acute malnutrition (above 20%) reported in five districts.
The immediate focus is on providing food/nutrition and livestock protection together with other forms of short-term livelihood support, the EC commissioner said.
Uganda gets €5 million where around 2.2 million people in the Acholi and Karamoja regions of northern Uganda face food insecurity. The new funds will be used to deliver basic services to the population, including food assistance, water and healthcare.
The decision brings the total amount of humanitarian aid provided for these four countries in the Horn of Africa in 2009 to almost €150 million.
afrol News - It is called "financial inclusion", and it is a key government policy in Rwanda. The goal is that, by 2020, 90 percent of the population is to have and actively use bank accounts. And in only four years, financial inclusion has doubled in Rwanda.
afrol News - The UN's humanitarian agencies now warn about a devastating famine in Sudan and especially in South Sudan, where the situation is said to be "imploding". Relief officials are appealing to donors to urgently fund life-saving activities in the two countries.
afrol News - Fear is spreading all over West Africa after the health ministry in Guinea confirmed the first Ebola outbreak in this part of Africa. According to official numbers, at least 86 are infected and 59 are dead as a result of this very contagious disease.
afrol News - It is already a crime being homosexual in Ethiopia, but parliament is now making sure the anti-gay laws will be applied in practical life. No pardoning of gays will be allowed in future, but activist fear this only is a signal of further repression being prepared.
afrol News / Africa Renewal - Ethiopia's ambitious plan to build a US$ 4.2 billion dam in the Benishangul-Gumuz region, 40 km from its border with Sudan, is expected to provide 6,000 megawatts of electricity, enough for its population plus some excess it can sell to neighbouring countries.