Libya peace very fragile, warns UN
Tarek Mitri, the head of the UN Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL), briefed the UN Security Council on developments in the country. While praising the new government of Prime Minister Ali Zeidan, in office since 14 November, Mr Mitri's report mainly focused on challenges and dangers.
In addition to threats of foreign insurgencies and local militias, the UN representative highlighted the threats to stability by the slow paste of state-building reforms. The transition process in Libya is going too slow, adding to security problems in the extensive country.
"It is worth insisting that many difficult decisions have yet to be taken in the areas of constitution-making, transitional justice, reconciliation and, it goes without saying, security sector reform," Mr Mitri insisted.
Pressure has been mounting for progress in the constitution-making process but parliament has not yet determined whether the members of the constitution-drafting body are to be appointed or elected, "an issue intertwined with regional politics," Mr Mitri said.
On the positive side, Mr Mitri said that recently installed Prime Minister Zeidan "appeared to enjoy broad support from the elected legislature, the General National Congress, political parties and the public." Also, security reform had gained momentum, with over 20,000 revolutionary fighters having enlisted with the Ministry of Interior's training process since security restructuring plans were announced in December.
Libya has been undergoing a transition toward a modern democratic state, after decades of autocratic rule and the toppling of the regime of Muamar al Ghaddafi. The former leader ruled the North African country for more than 40 years until a pro-democracy uprising in 2011 led to civil war and the end of his brutal regime.
By staff writers
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